Examining Carbon Nanofibers: Properties, growth, and applications

Research paper pub­lished in IEEE Nan­otech­nol­o­gy Mag­a­zine, Vol­ume 9, Num­ber 2, June 2015, pp. 33–38.

One-dimen­sion­al car­bon nanos­truc­tures have been known and fab­ri­cat­ed for more than a hun­dred years and were orig­i­nal­ly referred to as fil­a­men­tous carbon,carbon fil­a­ments, or car­bon whiskers. How­ev­er, it was only dur­ing the 1990s and 2000s with the demon­stra­tion of car­bon nan­otubes (CNTs)and the intro­duc­tion of cat­alyt­ic plas­ma-enhanced chem­i­cal vapor depo­si­tion (PECVD) that one-dimen­sion­al car­bon nanos­truc­tures emerged as a promis­ing solu­tion for a large vari­ety of appli­ca­tions. In this arti­cle, car­bon nanofibers (CNFs), a par­tic­u­lar type of one-dimen­sion­al car­bon with unique prop­er­ties, are described, their growth is dis­cussed, and their main appli­ca­tions are presented.

Related insights from Smoltek

Hand held circular disc with Smoltek logo

Smoltek—from carbon nanofibers to mind-controlled robotic prostheses

Smoltek holds unique world patents for technologies that make material engineering on an atomic level possible. Smoltek has solutions that allow continued miniaturization and increased performance of semiconductors, contribute to carbon-free steel production and renewable energy storage, and enable mind control of robotic prostheses. This is a story of how Smoltek came to be.

Breaking barriers: The future

This is the third and last article in a series of three in which Smoltek founder and strategic advisor Shafiq Kabir share his personal thoughts on nanotechnology opportunities. In the previous two articles, he has addressed both the hype and the reality of carbon nanotechnology. In this last article, he looks into the future. He discusses how carbon nanotechnology will unleash the power of the internet of everything.
Ola Tiverman, President Smoltek Semi

Operational update on the activities in Smoltek Semi

A main goal for Smoltek Semi is to develop an industrial process for mass production of discrete CNF-MIM capacitors at contract manufacturers (foundry), including a specially designed machine for large-scale production of carbon nanofibers.

Breaking barriers: The hype

This is the first article in a series of three in which Smoltek founder and strategic advisor Shafiq Kabir share his personal thoughts on nanotechnology opportunities. This introductory article addresses the hype surrounding nanotechnology in general and carbon nanotechnology in particular.