One-dimensional carbon nanostructures have been known and fabricated for more than a hundred years and were originally referred to as filamentous carbon,carbon filaments, or carbon whiskers. However, it was only during the 1990s and 2000s with the demonstration of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)and the introduction of catalytic plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) that one-dimensional carbon nanostructures emerged as a promising solution for a large variety of applications. In this article, carbon nanofibers (CNFs), a particular type of one-dimensional carbon with unique properties, are described, their growth is discussed, and their main applications are presented.
Smoltek holds unique world patents for technologies that make material engineering on an atomic level possible. Smoltek has solutions that allow continued miniaturization and increased performance of semiconductors, contribute to carbon-free steel production and renewable energy storage, and enable mind control of robotic prostheses. This is a story of how Smoltek came to be.
This is the third and last article in a series of three in which Smoltek founder and strategic advisor Shafiq Kabir share his personal thoughts on nanotechnology opportunities. In the previous two articles, he has addressed both the hype and the reality of carbon nanotechnology. In this last article, he looks into the future. He discusses how carbon nanotechnology will unleash the power of the internet of everything.